For example, the odds against a random day of the week being a weekend are 5:2. For example, "odds of a weekend are 2 to 5", while "chances of a weekend are 2 in 7". In casual use, the words odds and chances (or chance) are often used interchangeably to vaguely indicate some measure of odds or probability, though the intended meaning can be deduced by noting whether the preposition between the two numbers is to or in. Odds as a ratio, odds as a number, and probability (also a number) are related by simple formulas, and similarly odds in favor and odds against, and probability of success and probability of failure have simple relations.

This is a minor difference if the probability is small (close to zero, or "long odds"), but is a major difference if the probability is large (close to one). These transforms have certain special geometric properties: the conversions between odds for and odds against (resp. They are thus specified by three points (sharply 3-transitive).

Swapping odds for and odds against swaps 0 and infinity, fixing 1, while swapping probability of success with probability of failure swaps 0 and 1, fixing. Converting odds to probability fixes 0, sends infinity to 1, and sends 1 to. In probability theory and Bayesian statistics, odds may sometimes be more natural or more convenient than probabilities.

This is often the case in problems of sequential decision making as for instance in problems of how to stop (online) on a last specific event which is solved by the odds algorithm.

Similar ratios are used elsewhere in Bayesian statistics, such as the Bayes factor. Odds-ratios are often used in analysis of clinical trials.

In some cases the log-odds are used, which is the logit of the probability. Most simply, odds are frequently multiplied or divided, and log converts multiplication to addition and division to subtractions. Answer: The odds in favour of a blue marble are 2:13. One can equivalently say, that the odds are 13:2 against. There are 2 out of 15 chances in favour of blue, 13 out of 15 against blue. That value may be regarded as the relative probability the event will happen, expressed as a fraction (if it is less than 1), or a multiple (if it is equal to or greater than one) of the likelihood that the event will not happen.

In the very first example at top, saying the odds of a Sunday are "one to six" or, less commonly, "one-sixth" means the probability of picking a Sunday randomly is one-sixth the probability of not picking a Sunday.

While the mathematical probability of an event has a value in the range from zero to one, "the odds" in favor of that same event lie between zero and infinity.

It is 6 times as likely that a random day is not a Sunday. The use of odds in gambling facilitates betting on events where the relative probabilities of outcomes varied. For example, on a coin toss or a match race between two evenly matched horses, it is reasonable for two people to wager level stakes. However, in more variable situations, such as a multi-runner horse race or a football match between two unequally matched sides, betting "at odds" provides a perspective on the relative likelihoods of the possible outcomes.

In the modern era, most fixed odds betting takes place between a betting organisation, such as a bookmaker, and an individual, rather than between individuals. Different traditions have grown up in how to express odds to customers, older era's came with betting odds between people, today which is illegal in most countries, it was referred as "odding", an underground slang word with origins based in the Bronx.

Favoured by bookmakers in the United Kingdom and Ireland, and also common in horse racing, fractional odds quote the net total that will be paid out to the bettor, should he or she win, relative to the stake. However, not all fractional odds are traditionally read using the lowest common denominator. Odds with a denominator of 1 are often presented in listings as the numerator only.

Fractional and Hong Kong odds are actually exchangeable.Since the majority of online businesses ask customers for reviews in emails after purchase, we started with examining post-purchase review requests. We studied the subject lines of 3. We looked at the impact of common subject line variables, like phrasing a review request as a question or including the store name, customer name, or product name.

The data we found shows the conversion rate of customer to reviewer compared to the average conversion rate of customer to reviewer. Also, this is an average, so it by no means reflects the personal impact your store may see from making these changes.

To get more reviews, tiny subject line changes can have big results. This could be because consumers are more emotionally attached to items they buy for their home than they are to items like computers or baseball bats.

Get insights on your competition in our free eCommerce industry benchmark report. Does it get customers more excited to write a review or turn them off. Download will start now, please wait. Avoid Using A TOTALLY Uppercase Word In The Subject LineWe looked at the impact of including a TOTALLY uppercase word in the subject line.

For stores with under 20,000 monthly orders, adding an uppercase word can lower conversion by up to 49. As you can see, tiny differences can make a big impact on how many customers write reviews for your business. Here are some other interesting insights from our research on how to ask for a review the right way: Yotpo eCommerce Benchmark How do you stack up to your competition.

Get your free copyData from over 150,000 eCommerce BusinessesThanks for going to the effort to do this study and for publishing the results. My website is based on reviews and my follow up email requesting reviews is about to get a shot in the arm when I implement these things. Also curious what percent of orders get reviewed. Click Here Black Friday and Cyber Monday in Review Read now No account. Sign Up Interested in Yotpo.

Schedule a call with one of our marketing consultants to learn more. We'll be in touch ASAP.

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Don't forget to check your email. But the exact science of how to ask customers for reviews correctly is a bit murky. We wanted to bring some clarity to help businesses ask for reviews in a smarter way. For stores that use Yotpo, about 6.

The data shows that including words that signify a financial incentive to leaving a review (like coupon, win, free, save, sale, discount, etc.If no tie is offered, all bets on this duel shall be deemed to have been won at odds of 1. If a participant has withdrawn, but is listed in the ranking as having placed, such participant shall be deemed not to have withdrawn.

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In tournaments with elimination finals, that participant shall be deemed to be victor who makes it to the next round in the competition (2nd round before the 1st round, semifinals before the quarter-finals, etc. If a qualified participant does not take part in the next round, such participant shall nevertheless be deemed to have reached the next round.

Results at 90 minutesAll odds of the meetings are based on the official result at the end of 90 minutes of regulation play, unless otherwise specified. For betting purposes, realized results will prevail at the end of the expected 90 minutes of play, including any injury time.

The 90-minute game does not include any overtime or extra time for golden goal or penalties. Meetings postponed, suspended or anticipatedFor betting purposes, a match which is not played or postponed will be considered non-participating, unless it is played during the next day by midnight.

Any bet on matches suspended before the 90th minute will be void, except bets whose outcome has already been determined at the time of suspension. The outcome must be completely determined for the bet to be valid. The only exception to the rules suspended above relating to the meetings, about all meetings between clubs of South America, for which bets on the final result and the double chance (both pre-meeting in real time), will be assigned according to points accrued at the time of suspension, provided that the league counterparts of competence will result.

Matches not played at the site plannedIf the home team and the host of a meeting in the list are reversed (for example, the match is played on the field the team was originally outside the home), in which case all bets made on the basis of the original program, will be void. If you change the location of the meeting (outside of the case in which the match is played on the field the visiting team) then bets already made will remain valid as long as the home team is still designated as such.

We will do everything possible to return to our site all the matches played on neutral ground. For those matches played on neutral ground (or not listed on our site), bets will stand regardless of which team is designated as the home team.

If an official calendar shows details of teams other than those listed in our website, bets will be void. You predict an outcome, specify the desired stake and place the bet. If your prediction appears to be correct, you win the bet. The winnings are calculated by multiplying the odds by the stake. Please note that parlay bet is considered won if all your predictions turn out to be correct.

The vast majority of the offered bets may be combined freely in a parlay. There are a few exceptions, however, such as certain Formula - 1 bets that can only be placed as single bets. It is the bookmakers who decide which bets can be combined and their decision is based on various factors, such as the respective game or the event. You will be informed of their decision by the time the bets are placed. The client is given a chance to determine independently the order of the bets included in the chain and stake only on the first event of the chain.

Thus, the concept of "account of the chain" is imported. After the tournament of each single bet included in the chain the sum of that account is calculated. Initially it is equal to the sum of the first bet. If the sum on the chain account is less than its initial sum, the account balance calculates single bet of the next event in the chain.

The sum that remains on the account after calculation of all bets in the chain is a subject to payment.

If the sum on the account reaches zero - the chain breaks and is considered as lost. The number of possible system bets depends on the number of predicted outcomes. The possible variants of the system bet with your predictions will be displayed automatically.

The main difference between system bets and parlay bets is that you can win a system bet even if not all of your predictions are correct. Please note that the amount of possible winnings displayed when you place your bet corresponds to the maximum winnings. In a system bet, combinations of predictions are formed automatically. Conditional betThe peculiarity of this bet is that you pay only for the first (base bet) and the amount for the second (conditional bet) is taken from winning the base bet.

In the conventional bet should not include events from the base bet. If the prime bet loses, and the conditional bet loses.

The amount of the Conditional bet shall be not exceeding of winning of basic bet.Given your dataset, BigML will automatically suggest a structure and a set of parameter values that are likely to perform well for your dataset.

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This option only builds one network. Example: true tags optional Array of Strings A list of strings that help classify and retrieve the deepnet. The theory is that these engineered features will linearize obvious non-linear dependencies before training begins, and so make learning proceed more quickly. Example: "000005" Depending on the descent algorithm chosen and the topology of the network, certain other parameters may apply.

You can also use curl to customize a new deepnet from the command line. For example, to create a new deepnet named "my deepnet" using descent algorithm "adam".

Once a deepnet has been successfully created it will have the following properties. Creating a deepnet is a process that can take just a few seconds or a few days depending on the size of the dataset used as input and on the workload of BigML's systems. The deepnet goes through a number of states until its fully completed. Through the status field in the deepnet you can determine when deepnet has been fully processed and ready to be used to create predictions.

Once you delete a deepnet, it is permanently deleted. If you try to delete a deepnet a second time, or a deepnet that does not exist, you will receive a "404 not found" response. However, if you try to delete a deepnet that is being used at the moment, then BigML. To list all the deepnets, you can use the deepnet base URL. By default, only the 20 most recent deepnets will be returned. You can get your list of deepnets directly in your browser using your own username and API key with the following links.

You can also paginate, filter, and order your deepnets.

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When you create a new prediction using a model, BigML. If you create a new prediction using an ensemble using the bagging or random decision forests technique, the same process is repeated for each model in the ensemble. Then all the predictions from the individual models in the ensemble are combined to return a final prediction using one of the strategies described below. If the ensemble is using the gradient tree boosting technique, the prediction result will be additive meaning each tree modifies the predictions of the previously grown tree.

If you create a new prediction using a logistic regression, its coefficients will be used. You can also list all of your predictions. You can use curl to customize new predictions.

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It is possible to create a prediction using the filtered decision tree model by specifying filter parameters in the query string of the request parameters. Two useful parameters are support and value, as described in the Filtering a Model section. Once a prediction has been successfully created it will have the following properties.

This is the date and time in which the prediction was created with microsecond precision. Each entry includes the column number in original source, the name of the field, the type of the field, and the specific datatype.

Not available for ensembles with boosted trees.

Even if this an array the current version of BigML. A string if the task is classification, a number if the task is regression prediction filterable, sortable Object A dictionary keyed with the objective field to get the prediction output for the model, ensemble, or logistic regression.

The prediction object includes: confidence: the confidence or expected error for the prediction.Punting on either of these teams is worth considering at this price.

Drew Brees knows time is running out on making another Super Bowl run. Perhaps the addition of Adrian Peterson will give the Saints the boost they need to overcome obvious defensive flaws. As for the Birds, nobody ever wins the NFC East in consecutive years, and the hype surrounding Carson Wentz seems to be legit. If the Eagle defense can elevate to Top 10 level, it might be enough to carry them into January. Did you know prior to breaking his fibula in Week 16 last season, second-year quarterback Marcus Mariota had 26 touchdowns against only 9 interceptions.

Did you know the Titans finished 3rd in rushing behind a rejuvenated DeMarco Murray and rookie Derrick Henry. Did you know tight end Delanie Walker and wide receiver Rishard Matthews combined for 16 touchdowns. Did you know they signed Eric Decker who has scored double-digit touchdowns in three of the last five seasons. What does all this mean.

It means a Mariota vs Winston Super Bowl is forthcoming. Again, lots of value here. He tossed 28 touchdowns against only 2 interceptions, which was good enough to finish second behind Matt Ryan. He deserves to be the frontrunner in 2017, and like his team is the clear-cut safe money. Rodgers is seeking a third MVP trophy and given the talented passing options at his disposal, he should have little trouble posting gaudy numbers once again.

He also represents some of the best value on the board. Call it low risk, high reward. Carr has improved every season since entering the league in 2014. However, as with any quarterback, his MVP chances are directly tied to how well the Raiders play.

If they take a step back and miss the playoffs, Carr will undoubtedly shoulder some of the blame. Nevertheless, his price is tough to pass up. Ryan was worthy of his 2016 victory, but he kinda sorta won by default.If you have been following my selections you will see that we are well over 10 points up.

This means in effect I have 10 more bets before I start showing a loss. So avoid short priced favourites. But most importantly whatever bet you choose ensure that it contains value.

Please explain how the system works. Here sat watching all your draws going the right way without staking a penny. Am I going to stake each game separately or there is way of me putting all of it together and just needing one match to make a profit. Last year doing this I made over 30 points level stakes profit. If you go to our website at Premier Betting you will see our ratings compared to the bookmakers odds this will give you some indication if you are obtaining value in your selection.

A tip that you give on a weekly basis and which I like is backing three games to end draw and if one of them ends draw, the punter will end with profit.

However, I find choosing these games quite a difficult task because if none of those three matches end in a draw there would be quite a big loss (x3). I would like to ask you: Which strategy do you use to try and predict that at least one game will end in a draw. This is highlighted in the Premier Football Betting Handbook. Then I look to see if the draw price offers any value and then I asses the form of the two teams involved.

How do I know what I should be betting. Should I take into account my overall profit and bet more as I earn more, or stick to picking up lots of small bets. Betting on football can be profitable but it should be fun and always kept in context. For example, is there money to be had in betting on corners if you do the research.

For example if you wish to back a short priced selection. How do you keep disciplined. Discipline is the key to my draw strategy there will be a week or two where there are no winners but it is then you have to believe in the strategy and stick with it. I like to bet on second leg cup matches as you get more information about what the teams need from the game.

Also if you do have a bet and your team are leading you can close out your position for a profit. Also, where did you hit upon the three draw formula.

In this newsletter I am constantly building strategies in sports such as Tennis, Football, Cricket and the NFL.

Again I like all my trading to be low risk with much to gain. I spend hours going over spreadsheets and data. So yes I think they can play a part this season and go much closer than they did last season. Obviously next week's game at Chelsea is crucial. His Premier Betting website can be found here. Place a bet now with Goal. Our provides the best breaking news online and our football fan community is unmatched worldwide.

Never miss a thing again.Vision courtesy: A Current Affair, Network Nine. The film and television industry gathered at the annual AACTA awards at The Star in Sydney handing out gongs for excellence while also recognising change is needed in the wake of assault allegations within the industryIn the latest exchange between the two celebrities-turned-politicians, Arnold Schwarzenegger mocks Donald Trump over his slumping approval rating.

The ad also said "substantial experience with fake tan is preferable" and an "awareness of national security situation in Sweden" is beneficial, referring to the controversy following comments in February by Trump that implied something terrible had happened in Sweden the night before.

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